Duration: 40 minutes

Length/word limit: 250 words

Maximum score: 9 points

Types

  • General:

Essay on a general topic.

  • Academic:

Essay on an academic topic.

Most common IELTS essay types

1.Opinion (Agree or Disagree).

2. Advantages and Disadvantages.

3. Problems and Solutions.

4. Causes and Solutions. 

5. Discussion (Discuss both view).

6. Two-part Question.

1. Agree or Disagree

You need to explain whether you agree or disagree on it. You can also partially agree and partially disagree on that statement. However, it is better to give strong and clear opinion. For example,

Crime rate has increased with the advancement of technology.

To what extent do you agree or disagree on this statement?

Structure

1. Introduction 

Paraphrase the question.

Write a thesis statement (This essay agrees/disagrees…)

Write an outline sentence (This essay will discuss….)

2. Main Body 

Paragraph 1 

Write the topic sentence.

Explain the topic sentence.

Provide an example.

Main Body Paragraph 2

Write the topic sentence.

Explain the topic sentence.

Provide an example.

3. Conclusion 

2. Advantages and Disadvantages

Example:

Online payment is increasingly becoming the most preferred method of payment than cash or other payment methods.

What are the advantages of making online payment?

What are its disadvantages?

2 subtypes:

  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages and give your own opinion.

Structure

1. Introduction 

Paraphrase the question.

Outline the essay.

2. Main Body

Paragraph 1

State one advantage.

Expand/Explain the advantage.

Provide an example.

(State the result).

Paragraph 2

State one disadvantage.

Expand/Explain the disadvantage.

Provide an example.

(State the result).

3. Conclusion 

Summarize the main body.

Express your opinion (optional).

3. Problem and Solution

You need to list out problems associated with a particular topic and  suggest solutions to those problems. For example,

Traffic congestion has become one of the major issues in cities.

What are the problems people face due to traffic?

Discuss the possible solutions of overcoming it.

Structure

1. Introduction 

Paraphrase the question.

Write an outline sentence.

2. Main Body

Paragraph 1

State the problems.

Explain the problems.

Show the result.

Provide examples.

Main Body Paragraph 2

State the solutions.

Explain the solutions.

Provide examples.

Conclusion 

Summarize.

Give recommendation or prediction.

4. Causes and Solutions. 

You need to list out causes of a particular problem and  suggest solutions to the problem. For example,

Pollution has drastically increased with more and more people switching to personal vehicles.

What are the causes of pollution?

Discuss the solutions to overcome the problem of pollution.

Structure

1. Introduction 

Paraphrase the question.

Write an outline sentence.

2. Main Body

Paragraph 1

State the causes.

Explain the causes.

Provide examples.

Main Body Paragraph 2

State the solutions.

Explain the solutions.

Provide examples.

3. Conclusion 

Summarize.

Give recommendation or prediction.

5. Discussion (Discuss both views)

You need to discuss two opinions given in the question statement and give your personal opinion. For example,

Some people think that using animals for food and transportation should be completely banned. On the other hand, other people believe that using animals for meat and experiments is fair.

Discuss both the views and give your own opinion.  

Structure

1. Introduction

Paraphrase the question and state both viewpoints.

Write a thesis statement.

Write an outline sentence.

2. Main Body

Paragraph 1

State the first viewpoint.

Discuss the first viewpoint.

Give reasons why you agree or disagree with the viewpoint.

Provide an example to support your view.

Main Body Paragraph 2

State the second viewpoint.

Discuss the second viewpoint.

Give reasons why you agree or disagree with viewpoint

Give an example to support your view

3. Conclusion 

Summarize the body.

State which one is better.

6. Two-part Question

There are two different parts of the question which you must answer. For example,

Many children have become habitual about excessively using mobile applications day and night.

Why do you think this is so?

What parents can do to avoid this situation declining further?

Structure

1.Introduction 

Paraphrase the question.

Write an outline sentence.

2. Main Body

Paragraph 1

Answer the first question directly.

Give reasons and grounds.

Provide an example.

Main Body Paragraph 2

Answer the second question directly.

Give reasons and grounds.

Provide an example.

Conclusion 

Write a summary.

Tips

  • Identify the essay type, note if your opinion is needed or not (!).
  • Make your essay plan, think of the structure and ideas.
  • Make your essay cohesive, use linkers.
  • State your ideas clearly. 
  • Double check after writing, scan the texts for possible mistakes.

Assessment

Task Response – max 9

Coherence & Cohesion – max 9

Lexical Resource – max 9

Grammatical Range & Accuracy – max 9

Total Score for Task 2: 9 + 9 + 9 + 9 = 36

average

36/ 4 = 9

Sample tasks: types

Sample tasks: topics

Sample essays