Complex Object is used with the following verbs in the following constructions:

1. Verbs of assumption, (mental activity) + reporting

Verb + Object + to + Infinitive

to expect, to suppose, to believe, to consider, to find, to know, to think, to state, to note, to report etc.

E.g. Our boss expects us to finish the project this week.

I believe this composer to be a genius.

Everybody knew Tom to be very reliable.

2. Verbs of wish, desire and liking/disliking

Verb + Object + to + Infinitive

to want, to wish, to desire, would like, hope, to like, to dislike, to hate etc.

E.g. I would like you to call me as soon as possible.

His parents want him to study abroad.

I want them to tell me the truth.

Do they hope him to study here?

I hate him to be so rude.

3.Verbs of permission and compulsion

  • verb+ Object+ to+ Infinitive

allow, permit, order

E.g. Our teacher always allows us to express our ideas freely.

The headmaster permitted the pupils to arrange a concert in the hall.

The police ordered him to stand.

  • make, let + bare Infinitive (V1)

E.g. Mom made him clean his room.

Parents let us play all day.

4.Verbs of sensual perception

to see, to watch, to notice, to observe, to feel, to hear etc.

  • Verb + Object + Infinitive (a single action/ a result !)

E.g. I saw you leave the house.

I heard you say good-bye and leave.

  • Verb + Object + Participle1 (Ving) (an action in progress !)

E.g. I saw you walking in the park.

I heard you telling this joke. Everyone was laughing!

Note: Complex Object with different forms of the Infinitive (mental activity) + reporting

Active

+ Continuous Infinitive

To be Ving

I expected the kids to be sitting at home.

+ Perfect Infinitive

To have V3

They reported the plane to have landed safely.

+ Perfect Continuous Infinitive

To have been Ving

(They reported the sportsman to have been running for 3 hours. – not common!)

Passive

To be V3, To have been V3

The artist preferred his pictures to be exhibited in that gallery.

(I expected the project to have been finished. – not common!)

Exercises

1.Open the brackets using Complex Object (Verb + Object + to + Infinitive)

Example: I would like (my friend, work for this company).- I would like my friend to work for this company.

1)They expected (I, arrive on time).

2)Her neighbours know (they, live a quite happy life).

3)I consider (Mozart, be the best composer ever).

4)His sister wants (he, help her).

5)They reported (the singer, get married).

6)I would like (my cat, be more tender).

7)I wish (you, have a wonderful day)!

8)Would you like (I, close the door)?

9)He hates (people, behave rudely).

10)I want (you, be happy).

2.Open the brackets using Complex Object (Verbs of sensual perception Verb + Object + Infinitive/ Verb + Object + Participle1)

Example: I heard (she, talk on the phone). – I heard her talking on the phone.

1)She saw (her friends, dance in the club) and came up to say ‘hi’.

2)I saw (he, take his things and go).

3)Ann noticed (he, stare at her) and looked away.

4)I watched (my mom, cook a wonderful dinner and sing).

5)I felt (my cat, jump on my shoulder).

6)We heard (she, close the door and leave).

7)I heard (she, call out to me).

3.Paraphrase the sentences using Complex Object (mixed forms)

Example: We were laughing and enjoying ourselves on the beach. Our fiends saw us. Our friends saw us laughing and enjoying ourselves on the beach.

1)He told me the news. My friend heard it.

2)I’m planning to go on holiday. My boss allows me to.

3)Somebody was watching me and I felt that.

4)I know that your brother is an excellent economist.

5)The girls were playing on the grass. Their parents were watching them.

6)The plane was taking off. I was standing and watching it.

7)She likes watching horror movies. Her dad doesn’t let her do it.

8)I noticed that she took out a notebook and wrote something.

9)I noticed that she was writing something in her notebook.

10)They reported that he lived in the US.

4.Translate into English using Complex Object.

1)Я рассчитываю, что встреча будет на следующей неделе.

2)Они рассчитывали, что клиент позвонит в обед.

3)Я не рассчитывала, что ты позвонишь так рано.

4)Мы не ожидали, что будет солнечно! Но день был прекрасный!

5)Я знаю, что он гениальный доктор.

6)Все знают, что Стивен Хокинг – выдающийся ученый.

7)Я не ожидала, что он напишет такое хорошее письмо.

8)Я люблю, когда все счастливы.

9)Он не любит, когда кто-то спорит с ним.

10)Я хотела бы, чтобы ты ответил мне скорее.

11)Не нужно постоянно заставлять детей делать то, чего они не хотят.

12)Разреши мне поиграть с твоей собакой.

5.Read the extract from the poem paying attention to the use of complex object

The Wind

(by R. L. Stevenson)

I saw you toss the kites on high
And blow the birds about the sky.
And all round I heard you pass
Like ladies’ skirts across the grass.

Oh, wind, a-blowing all day long,
Oh, wind, that sings so loud a song!

I saw the different things you did.
But always you yourself you hid.
I felt you push, I heard you call,
I could not see yourself at all.

O wind, a-blowing all day long!
O wind, that sings so loud a song !