We use present simple to talk about:

  1. Regular, repeated actions.
  2. Permanent situations, states.
  3. General truths, facts.

Affirmative (+)


I live in Moscow region.

You play football really well!

We love ice-cream.

They often go on picnic at weekends.

3d person, singular

he/she/it V+-s

She lives in France.

He plays tennis.

My cat sleeps a lot and loves playing.

Exception: have -> has

My friend has a dog.


1) he/she/it V+-es

for verbs which end in -ss, -z, -ch, -sh, -x, -o:

– ss: passes, misses

– z: buzzes, fuzzes

– ch: touches, watches

– sh: pushes, crashes

– x: fixes, mixes

– o: goes, does

2) consonant + y

y-> i + es

study – studies, copy – copies, try – tries

But: vowel + y

play – plays, enjoy – enjoys

Negative (-)

I/ we/you/ they don’t + V1

I don’t like apples.

You don’t listen to rock music.

We don’t watch TV.

They don’t go to the theatre.

He/she/it doesn’t + V1

She doesn’t eat burgers.

Pete doesn’t go to the gym.

My cat doesn’t eat cheese.


Yes/No (General) questions

Auxiliary (do/does) + Subject + V1

Do you like opera? – Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

Do they swim fast? – Yes, they do./No, they don’t.


Does she live near here? – Yes, she does./No, she doesn’t.

Does he play football? – Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.

Wh- (Special) questions

Question word (what/when/where etc.)+ auxiliary (do/does) + Subject + V1

What do you like?

Where do they live?

What do you study?


Where does your sister work?

What does Ann read?

When does he finish work?


Always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, hardle ever, never

  • are used before the main verb:

I usually wake up at 7.

They sometimes watch series.

We don’t often eat out.

  • BUT: after ‘to be’

I’m rarely tired.

He’s often busy.

every morning, every evening, every day, once/twice a week/month/year 

are normally used at the end of the sentence:

I go swimming once a week.

She jogs every morning.