We use present simple to talk about:

  1. Regular, repeated actions.
  2. Permanent situations, states.
  3. General truths, facts.

Affirmative (+)

V1

I live in Moscow region.

You play football really well!

We love ice-cream.

They often go on picnic at weekends.

3d person, singular

he/she/it V+-s

She lives in France.

He plays tennis.

My cat sleeps a lot and loves playing.

Exception: have -> has

My friend has a dog.

Note!

1) he/she/it V+-es

for verbs which end in -ss, -z, -ch, -sh, -x, -o:

– ss: passes, misses

– z: buzzes, fuzzes

– ch: touches, watches

– sh: pushes, crashes

– x: fixes, mixes

– o: goes, does

2) consonant + y

y-> i + es

study – studies, copy – copies, try – tries

But: vowel + y

play – plays, enjoy – enjoys

Negative (-)

I/ we/you/ they don’t + V1

I don’t like apples.

You don’t listen to rock music.

We don’t watch TV.

They don’t go to the theatre.

He/she/it doesn’t + V1

She doesn’t eat burgers.

Pete doesn’t go to the gym.

My cat doesn’t eat cheese.

Questions

Yes/No (General) questions

Auxiliary (do/does) + Subject + V1

Do you like opera? – Yes, I do./No, I don’t.

Do they swim fast? – Yes, they do./No, they don’t.

He/she/it

Does she live near here? – Yes, she does./No, she doesn’t.

Does he play football? – Yes, he does./No, he doesn’t.

Wh- (Special) questions

Question word (what/when/where etc.)+ auxiliary (do/does) + Subject + V1

What do you like?

Where do they live?

What do you study?

He/she/it

Where does your sister work?

What does Ann read?

When does he finish work?

Markers:

Always, often, usually, sometimes, rarely, hardle ever, never

  • are used before the main verb:

I usually wake up at 7.

They sometimes watch series.

We don’t often eat out.

  • BUT: after ‘to be’

I’m rarely tired.

He’s often busy.

every morning, every evening, every day, once/twice a week/month/year 

are normally used at the end of the sentence:

I go swimming once a week.

She jogs every morning.

Exercises